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仁爱版七年级英语下册Unit 8 Topic 1 Section B教材分析与教学设计  

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仁爱版七年级英语下册Unit 8 Topic 1 Section B教材分析与教学设计

[ 作者:冯 霞     来源:中国文化教育网     点击数:1286     更新时间:2008-9-24     文章录入:editorfeng
【字体: 仁爱版七年级英语下册Unit 8 Topic 1 Section B教材分析与教学设计 - shanben56ing - shanben56ing的博客

仁爱版七年级英语下册Unit 8 Topic 1 Section B教材分析与教学设计

冯  霞

( 河南省新乡市第四十二中学,  河南  新乡  453834 )

摘  要:本文是仁爱版七年级英语下册Unit8 Topic1 Section B教材分析与教学设计,本文从教学设计理念、教材分析、教学目标、教学程序、板书设计、教学反思等六方面对本节课作了较为全面详实的记录,并在各步骤后写出该步骤的教学效果。

关键词:教学设计 


一、教学设计理念

遵循任务型教学理念, 以学生为主体, 以任务为中心, 以交际为目的。关注学生的生活实际和生活体验, 让其贴近学生实际、贴近生活, 树立以学生为本的思想,提倡学生参与、体验、合作探究,从而实现教学方式和学习方式的转变。

二、教材分析

本课是为仁爱英语七年级下期Unit 8 The Seasons and the Weather Topic 1 What’s the weather like in spring? Section B编写的教学设计。本话题通过“天气”这个中心词展开, 其中又分为几个子话题。子话题相对独立又相辅相成组成一个有机的整体。这是第八单元的第一话题的第二课时,在复习了上一课时学习过的谈论四季及四季的气候特征,适合做的活动的基本用语的基础上,进一步学习天气变化,天气预报。

本课时旨在创造一个轻松、愉快的学习、交流环境,通过听、说、读、写来培养学生综合运用这些知识的能力。让学生去亲身体验,互动交流,创造性地去学习。并让学生通过有限的课堂实践活动能准确地用英语来表达所学知识。为了更好地在45分钟内最有效地实现教学目标,本人设计了直观生动的教学课件,从学生实际出发,对教材进行了必要的调整。

三、Ⅰ.Teaching aims and demands教学目标

1、Learn words of describing weather:

cloudy, snowy, foggy, sunny, windy, rainy, bright, quiet, wet, dry, low, temperature

2、Review the simple past tense and present continuous tense:

How was the weather yesterday?

It was cloudy all day.

3、Learn to understand weather reports:

What’s the temperature, do you know?

The low temperature is 20℃ and the high temperature is 25℃.

Ⅱ. Teaching aids教具

多媒体课件及课前要求学生将1c各词制作成卡片,卡片上尽量显示图画和单词两部分。

四、Teaching procedure 教学程序

幻灯片1  课前: Chant: The seasons组织教学——插入英文歌曲动画,有声有色,调动学习气氛。

Step1  Review 第一步  复习(时间: 5’)

1.(师生互动问好导入复习呈现。)

1) T: Good morning, class. This class we are going to learn Topic1 Section B. Go on talking about the seasons and the weather of each season. First , let’s make the weather report.(男、女生各一人作英语课堂值日报告,复习上节课关于季节,天气和活动的描述。)Who’s on duty today? OK, come here , please.

幻灯片2  展示四季图片,并出示下列句型

A: Which season do you like best?

B: I like…best.

A: Why do you like…?

B: Because it’s a good time to…

Because it’s a good season for…

值日生1:Good morning, class.(找学生协助导入复习。)Today is Monday. May 12th. It’s spring. I like spring best, because it’s warm. I can fly a kite. What’s your favorite season, everyone?=Which season do you like best?

S1: Spring/ Summer…My favorite season is…I like…best.

值日生1: Why?

S1、2、3、4: Because spring is warm , it is a good season for flying a kite.

Because summer is hot, we can go swimming.

Because fall is cool, it’s a good time to climb mountains.

Because winter is cold, we can make snowmen in winter./go skating/ go skiing./play snowball games.

值日生2: Good morning, everyone. Today is Monday, May12th.It’s spring now. But I like summer best. Because it is hot. I can go swimming in the river.(面向全班同学)What’s your favorite season, everyone?

S5: Spring/Summer/Fall/Winter.( My favorite season is…)

值日生2: Why?

S5、6、7: Because spring is warm. It is a good season for hiking./Because fall is cool. It’s a good time to climb mountains./Because it is cold in winter. I can make a snowman in winter.

T: Very good. We know there are four seasons in a year? What are they? (spring, summer, fall,winter), Now, let’s chant“The seasons” together.(Spring is green, Summer is bright, Fall is yellow, Winter is white.)(再次说唱“the seasons”并进行男女生比赛来调动学习气氛)

教学效果:此环节由值日生提问更容易调动学生学习的主动性,说唱的引入也会使学习有高昂的情绪。

Step 2  Presentation呈现(幻灯片3-4)(时间: 5’)

幻灯片3 T:手指窗外(What’s the weather like today? It’s cloudy.)

T : Look at the pictures , learn some new words. 动画呈现新单词, 形象生动地让学生悟出课文重点,为下一步理解课文扫清障碍,区别于传统枯燥的单词教学!

What’s this? It’s the sun. When we talk about the unique thing in the world. We usually use the article word “the” .Yes, when the sun is shining. it is full of light from the sun. So we say it’s sunny today.

cloud: When there are clouds in the sky, it is cloudy.(cloudy weather is dark because the sky is full of clouds.)

windy: Listen, the wind is blowing, when the wind is blowing, it is windy.

snow. When it is snowing, the ground is all white., we say it is snowy today.

rain. When it is raining, it rains a lot, so it is rainy today.

Can you see the building clearly? Yes, very misty because of fog. When there’s fog. it is foggy.

Can you summarize the rules of word formation? How to change the noun forms into adjective forms.(由学生归纳出名词变形容词的构词法。)

教学效果:培养学生的归纳、总结能力。

幻灯片4 T : Let’s do some exercises to check the words we learned just now. Put in the missing words. sunny cloudy windy snowy rainy foggy 

教学效果:使学生体会,学中用,学中用,加深理解。

幻灯片5 T: Look at the pictures in 1b, listen and match the words on the right with the correct pictures.(放1b录音) Fill out the numbers you hear on the left. Fill out the letters of the pictures on the right. T: Are you ready? Let’s check the answer together.( 时间: 3’) (1’13’’)

教学效果:培养学生听力及运用能力。

Step 3 T: You are all very great! Now, let’s come to 1a. Jane and her parents are having a holiday. What’s the meaning of holiday? (it means a period time of rest from work or school. We have two long holidays in a year. Summer and winter holidays, we can have a very great time during the holiday. Right? )

幻灯片6 呈现1a, listen and answer the following questions?(时间: 3’)(35’’)

T: What’s Jane doing?

S: She’s making a telephone call.

T: What’s the weather like in the picture?

S: It’s nice and warm.    

T: Nice and means very. What was the weather like yesterday?

S: It was cloudy.

教学效果:让学生带着任务去听比简单的跟读更能强化学生对课文的理解。

幻灯片7: Let’s play a game. I need 3 volunteers. (做游戏,快乐中巩固复习)(时间: 3’)

T: Let’s play a game. There are three sections in 1c.

If you have the card with words of section 1, please stand on the left.

If you have the card with words of section 3, please stand on the right.

If you have the card with words of section 2, please stand in the middle.

Now, there are three groups. The first student in Group 1 say the weather yesterday. The first student in Group 2 say the weather today. The first student in Group 3 say what you are doing.

Weather yesterday

It was… yesterday.

Weather today

It is …today.

Activity

We are v.ing.

sunny/rainy

nice and bright

make snowmen

snowy /windy

cold

fly kites

cloudy/foggy

very cool

climb hills

snowy

very cold

swim

warm

cool

ride a bike

cloudy

warm

take a walk

T: The first student of each group, please come to the front of class. Hold up your cards, then make a sentence.

Example:

(1)It was sunny yesterday. Today is nice and bright. We are making snowmen..

(2)It was rainy yesterday. It is clod today. We are swimming.

(3)It was windy yesterday. It is hot today. We are riding a bike.

(4)Yesterday was snowy. Today is very cool. We are climbing mountains.

(5)Yesterday was warm. Today is cool. We are flying kites..

(有些句子可能很不符合逻辑,学生大笑,同时巩固复习句型,培养交际能力。)

教学效果:此环节以游戏的方式,让学生在活动中感知语言,运用语言,同时由于参与面广,增强了学生的学习自信心。

幻灯片8: Turn to page 80. Let’s come to 2a. Listen , read and say.(观看动画,模仿读三遍,纠正发音,语调。)(时间: 5’)(25’’)

幻灯片9: In this part we’ll learn how to talk about the temperature(the measure of how hot or cold a place or a thing is.) (Degree Celsius./ centigrade).Read it together. Can you read the following temperature in English?

17℃ We can say seventeen degrees Celsius/centigrade

25℃ twenty-five degrees Celsius/centigrade

0℃ zero degree Celsius/centigrade

-1℃ one degree Celsius below zero or minus one degree Celsius

幻灯片10-13: Let’s do some pair work. Ask and answer two questions: What’s the weather like? What’s the temperature? OK, this group, ask and answer one by one.(出示不同的天气和温度,可以采用两两对话,或小组接龙的方式)(时间: 5’)

教学效果:培养学生积极与他人合作,相互帮助,共同完成学习任务的团队精神)

幻灯片14: Work alone. Look at the weather chant of Toronto and Washington D.C. Then fill in the blanks. (完成后换成纽约市让学生提问老师答。)(时间: 3’)

If you want to know the temperature in New York, how do you ask? Now you are my teachers, I’m your student.

Ss: What is the weather like in New York?

T: It is sunny.

Ss: What’s the temperature?

T: It is between 3℃and 7℃.

Ss: What’s the low temperature?

T: It is 3℃.

Ss: What’s the high temperature?

T: It is 7℃. Thank you , teachers.

教学效果: (师生互动,增强交际性培养。)

幻灯片15: Part 3. Work alone. Listen to the weather report and fill out the table. (时间: 5’)(59’’)

幻灯片16: Weather report . Here is the weather in XX today. If you are the weather reporter, how will you report the weather today?(时间: 4’)( 四人一组当天气预报员,选出最佳预报员,向全班汇报。)

 

 


    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

教学效果:学生小组讨论,然后每组派一名代表汇报新乡今日天气,这一环节的任务,激发了学生主动参与的愿望,使他们在完成任务的过程中掌握了有关天气的词汇。

幻灯片17: Part 4 . Class activities.

Are you tired? Now let’s have a rest. Let’s chant the rhyme "The Light Rain." together. (44’’) (然后分组朗诵比赛)(24’’)

幻灯片18: Summary.(Please summarize what we learned in this class)(时间: 3’)

1)What’s the weather like?

2)How’s the weather?

3)What do you think of the weather?

4)What’s the temperature? and how to read the temperature.

5)℃: degree Celsius/ centigrade

教学效果:培养学生的归纳、总结能力,进一步学习天气用语。

幻灯片19: For today’s homework.(时间: 1’)

1) Finish off Workbook Section B 2) Make a survey. (Survey the weather in our area for a whole week in May, and make a chart. work in groups of seven. Each makes a weather report of one day).(调查一周七天的天气情况。分别做一份天气预报。写到作业本上,为下一节课作准备。)

教学效果:这种实践性、开放性作业,不但能促进学生的实践能力,而且能强化学生的基础知识和写作能力。

Example:

S1: Today is Monday. It’s nice and bright. The temperature is from 10℃ to 27℃. It’s a good day to work and study at school.

S2: Today is Tuesday. It’s cloudy. It’s hot. The low temperature is 9℃. The high temperature is 31℃.It will be rainy this afternoon. If you go out in the afternoon, please take your umbrella.

S3: Today is Sunday. It’s sunny. It will be nice and warm all day. The low temperature is 10℃.The high temperature is 25℃. It’s a good time to flying kites

最后如果时间有余可播放动画four seasons make a year进一步提高学生兴趣。

五、Writing design 板书设计

Words: n.- adj.

cloudy, snowy

foggy, sunny

windy, rainy

Weather report

What’s the

weather like?

What’s the

 temperature?

It’s between … and…

The low

 temperature is _℃

and the high temperature is_℃

degree Celsius 

六、教学反思

本节课运用“任务”设计教学,配多媒体课件,设计新颖,构思巧妙,学生学习效果良好。本节课始终以学生为主体,努力给每一位学生展示自己的机会,以增强他们的自信心、成就感,使他们在知识、情感、态度等各方面能得到锻炼。本节重点内容为学习表示天气的形容词及天气预报中的播报,教学中学生对表示天气的形容词掌握不够,有的学生使用时还会用到名词形式。在进行天气预报的播报操练时,时间仓促了些,有些学生准备不充分,进行表演时放不开,课堂气氛还不够活跃。

注:

1、本课件参考网站为:http://www.renai-edu.com

2、有的步骤后有两个时间,前一个为本步骤大约时间,后一个为该录音或影视所用时间。

3、如果课件中的声音或flash无法播放,请从新插一下。

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